Digital Violence against Women

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International Women’s Day (IWD)

In Islamic countries such as Saudi Arabia and the United Emirates, their governments let men legally track and restrict the movements of women just by using smartphones. It is easy to download the app whether from the Google Play store or Apple’s app store. In democratic countries the tracking of persons without their permission is illegal. Nevertheless, women should check their smartphone by experts or in a women’s counseling center to see if such an app is on their smartphone.

Roland Leithenmayr VFV

 

 

Air resistance increases with the speed of the car!

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The market share of SUVs (Sports Utility Vehicles) is growing. SUV drivers are looking down on others demonstrating their social status. One’s safety is certainly highly motivating for a person to acquire an SUV, even though the fuel consumption and associated CO2 emissions are high and do not relieve the climate change.  The SUV is technically efficient but usually bulkier and consumes more energy and resources. The big front of SUVs dramatically increases the air resistance of the vehicle compared to streamlined cars. From physics lessons, we know that air resistance increases quadratically with speed. Accelerating, the speed of the SUV from 130 to 140 km / h, increases the air resistance over 20%.

Source: Christoph E. Mandl, Lernen S‘ in bißschen Physik, Herr Minister! Der Standard Sa/Do., 16/17 February 2019.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drag_coefficient

http://rc.opelgt.org/indexcw.php

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Str%C3%B6mungswiderstandskoeffizient

Roland Leithenmayr VfV

Mental Accounting

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Arnold Schwarzenegger, known as an environmental activist, loves his old-fashioned Hummer (Weight 3 tons, 6 Liter volume, 330 hp, 23 liters /100 km, price about 70,000 Euro) – the original type of the Sports Utility Vehicle – SUV. To calm his conscience, Arnold equipped his new Mercedes G-car with an electric drive. Many people use mental accounts to offset the consumption in different areas: e.g., consumption of ecologically produced food and less meat charging it against polluting consumption in another area, such as a plane trip. The behavioral economist Richard Thaler speaks in this context of “mental accounting”; however, it regularly overestimates the effects of environmentally conscious behavior and underestimates the effects of its own environmentally harmful behavior.

Sources:

Bernd Sommer, Forum der Verantwortung, Wege aus der Wachstumsgesellschaft, Herausgegeben von Harald Welzer und Klaus Wiegandt.

Thaler, Richard H.: Mental Accounting Matters, Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 12, 1999, Page 183-206.

Roland Leithenmayr VfV

Direct Rebound Effect

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Recently I took the D-tram to Nußdorf/Vienna when suddenly the passengers looked out the window and admired a delightful little red car enthusiastically. It was a Fiat 500 Cinquecento the first series from 1957 to 1972. I searched the Internet discovering that the Cinquecento weighed between 450 – 550 kg and guzzled an average of 5 liters gasoline per 100 km. The model of the second series (1991 to 1998) already weighed 670 – 780 kg and the consumption increased to 6 liters per 100km. The current Fiat 500 weighs about one ton and burns up between 4 and 5 liters per 100 km. Producing a small car of the same type requires more material today, and despite enormous advances in engine development, the fuel consumption did not decrease considerably. Technical devices such as a refrigerator, TV or cars are becoming more efficient, but also larger. They require as much or even more energy and resources than their less efficient predecessors. Its called a direct rebound. If I were rich, I would buy a Rolls Royce Cullinan, an SUV: Weight 2.6 tons, 6.75 liters petrol engine, 15 liters per 100km, price over 400,000 Euro. Better for me is to acquire a pick-up for my farm.

Literature: Bernd Sommer, Entkoppelung, Wege aus der Wachstumsgesellschaft, Herausgegeben von Harald Welzer und Klaus Wiegand, Frankfurt am Main, Juni 2013.

Rolls-Royce Cullinan – > Caroline Krismer, a Tyrolean, is responsible project developer of the first SUV of Rolls Royce,  www.oeamtc.at/autotouring

Autosalon Genf: The SUV boom continues – E-mobility is increasing!

Roland Leithenmayr   VfV

Warming of 2 degrees Celsius achievable?

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The IPCC (Weltklimarat) comes to the conclusion that even a warming of two degrees Celsius has severe consequences for our planet and with the currently planned measures of two-degree-celsius-limit cannot be achieved. The focus is therefore on urgency. Ms. Alzbeta Klein, Director of Climate Business at the World Bank Group’s International Financial Corporation (IFC) mentioned in an interview in the Wiener Zeitung 27/28 October 2018 “Climate change is a financial risk!” two technologies to mitigate the climate change problem: one is the storage of solar energy (including for the household) and the other Off-shore-wind power. For both, the World Bank Group is launching a $ 5 billion investment program. Ms. Klein notes a lot of movement at the corporate level citing several reasons: leadership vision and increasing pressure from customers. In summary, Ms. Klein enumerates three levers:  visionary business leaders, a government that takes the climate change seriously, and finally the consumer who demands a greenhouse,green car, and food with a good carbon footprint.

Roland Leithenmayr VFV 

Smart City misunderstood?

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In my opinion, the term “smart city” is misunderstood when taking into account only the technical dimension. It’s correct to recognize the enormous potential of smart technology, in particular, digital technology to improve how cities work. But the smart city considers additional dimensions: smart economy, smart people, smart governance,  smart mobility, smart environment, smart living and …  

Roland Leithenmayr VfV

 

 

Austrian Court of Auditors (Rechnungshof) confirms failures to implement the SDGs in Austria

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Austrian Court of Auditors: From June to September 2017, the Austrian Court of Audit (ACA) carried out an audit of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda in Austria. The audit aimed in particular at assessing the legal framework conditions and the national recognition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the responsibilities of the Federal Government and the coordination across all levels of government. A further objective was to evaluate the initial situation (stocktaking and gap analysis), the implementation plan and the target attainment monitoring system, as well as the inclusion of the civil society, the reporting system and the impacts of the SDGs. The audit was carried out at the Federal Chancellery and the Federal Ministry of Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs – in their capacity as coordinating entities regarding the national implementation of the SDGs – as well as at the Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management and the Federal Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology – as federal ministries selected as examples by the ACA. The audited period largely spanned the years from 2016 through 2017.

https://www.rechnungshof.gv.at/fileadmin/downloads/_jahre/2018/Aktuelles/Entwicklungsziele_Vereinten_Nationen_2030.pdf

other downloads

Link:

https://www.ots.at/presseaussendung/OTS_20180706_OTS0079/sdg-watch-austria-rechnungshofbericht-bestaetigt-versaeumnisse-bei-umsetzung-der-nachhaltigen-entwicklungsziele

See under Event

Roland Leithenmayr VFV

 

 

Human Rights of Older Persons: Active Aging

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October 1, 2018 -, the symposium “Celebrating Human Rights of Older Persons” took take place in Vienna. To get a proper job is for older persons the most important matter. Many programs and projects about “Active Ageing” were carried out in Austria over the last decade and their proposals implement more or less successful, but the practice looks sobering maybe caused by the Financial Crises starting 2008. Today the situation is better for elderly people. One of these projects is presented in the publication “Active Ageing, Regionale Handlungsoptionen in Österreich,” based on the accumulated experience of the EQUAL Development Partnership “TEP_EQUAL_ELDERLY” (7/2005 -6/2007).  Unfortunately, the website www.elderly.at is deleted. It is an exciting task to compare the visions, challenges, general suggestions and examples presented in December 2007 with today. Please leave a reply below: 

Roland Leithenmayr VfV

 

Science Diplomacy to solve the Sustainable Development Goals

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Research institutes like IIASA (*) produce essential knowledge for governments, diplomacy, multinational organization (such as UNO), and NGOs. It is surprising that they do not have implemented an integrated system “…for bringing science to advise into its decision…” (1). Because policy decisions are made mostly in individual countries, not by the international organization, it needs integration between international agencies and “domestic science advisory system.” Additional this advisory system shall include national and international NGO’s, who should put pressure on both sides to use the available know-how and experiences, including theirs. Global interest is on stake such as climate change, ocean pollution, water use, etc. in general to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. It needs to connect scientific knowledge, national and international community incl. NGO’s, businesses and UN Agencies and domestic policy.

(1) OPTIONS, Summer 2018, page 10,

For further info: In November 2017, Sir Peter Gluckman delivered an IIASA45th Anniversary Lecture on this topic. The full text is available online: www.iiasa.ac.at/events/Gluckman-18

(*) IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) uses systems analysis to research the critical issues of environmental, economic, and technological change we face today. IIASA,  is located in Laxenburg near Vienna, Austria

Roland Leithenmayr VfV

The decrease of fossil emission is too slow

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IIASA (1) criticise the assumption of international policymaker that heavy implementation of negative emission technology later can offset the slow decrease of fossil fuel emission today.  IIASA proposes that the policymaker “…need a broader range of scenarios as they seek to limit climate change to below 2°C above the pre-industrial level .”  

(1) IIASA – International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, www.iiasa.ac.at is located in Laxenburg near Vienna, Austria. IIASA uses systems analysis to research the critical issues of environmental, economic and technological change we face today.

(2) Thinking outside the box on climate mitigation, Option Summer 2018, page 5.

Further reading: Obersteiner M, Bednar J, Wagner F, Gasser T, Ciais P, Forsell 

N, Havlik P, Valin H, et al. (2018), How to spend a dwindling greenhouse gas budget.Nature Climate [pure.iiasa.ac.at/15031]

Roland Leithenmayr VFV