From a holistic perspective, our current agricultural system causes up to 57% of greenhouse gasses: chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, fossil fuels, manure, forest deforestation, transport routes, food processing, packaging production, refrigeration, sales, and waste processing. The industrial agriculture causes not only the greenhouse gasses but has detrimental effects on the quality of life of animals and humans.
Many experts argue that because people are still suffering from hunger, the growth of the population continues, the adverse impact of the climate change, that the only solution is “Climate Smart Agriculture.” La Via Campesina (a global farmers’ organization) and many other social movements criticize these “smart” developments and explicitly reject the agrarian system based on this concept. It’s committed to protecting small farmers all over the world and in the development of a rural and agrarian ecological agriculture: an important contribution to climate change. They disprove the claim that industrial agriculture using fertilizer and gen-manipulated seed is more sustainable and smart. Instead, farmers using sustainable agricultural methods require less energy and promote the quality of life of humans and animals.
It is appalling that organizations like La Via Campesina see profit as devilish when rivaling two possibilities to produce food: in a healthy and social way or faster and more profitable, – what’s wrong with faster and more profitable? They do right when they demand that the power of multinational agrarian business- and large supermarkets groups must be limited by order-liberalism supremacy so that local production structures and markets are not destroyed.
Roland Leithenmayr, VFV 15. February 2017
Human Rights: Reducing land degradation and desertification:
The Sekem Initiative (Egypt) received for their contribution combating soil erosion and reclamation of desert soils the “Land for Life Award 2015” of the UNCCD (United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification).The approach of Sekem is based on biological and dynamic farming methods.
Another important contribution to this topic is the scientists and practical afford (Erna Smidt, Johannes Tintner) of the “Platform for the Humus Research” of BOKU (Universität für Bodenkultur Wien). The approach is based on the thematic cycle: humus – humic substances – soil fertility – carbon sequestration – climate. BOKU’s project the “BOKU Mobile” has been was awarded by UNESCO to the UN Decade Award “Education for Sustainable Development”.
Jadav Payeng, a Mishing tribe environmental activist and forestry worker from Jorhat, India planted and tended trees, – over the course of several decades -, on a sandbar of the river Brahmapitra covering now more than 50 hectars.
Summer of Soil, an association of agronomists and ecologists, is concerned about the misuse of soil in agriculture and forestry on all 5 continents. They work closely together with John D. Liu and with Willem Ferwerda of the Commonland Foundation in the Netherlands and created a “centre of excellence” offering research and training attracting people from all over the world both on a practical and scientific level. One of the ambitious projects is in Ayoó de Vidriales, Spain..
WELTjournal+: Grüne Wüsten – Visionen für die Welt: tvthek.orf.at
Roland Leithenmayr VfV